review of surface coal mining emission factors

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CHAPTER 4 FUGITIVE EMISSIONS - Institute for Global ...

of fossil fuels to the point of final use. These are known as fugitive emissions. 4.1.1 Overview and description of sources Fugitive emissions associated with coal can be considered in terms of the following broad categories.1 4.1.1.1 COAL MINING AND HANDLING

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The estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from South ...

and surface coal mines in South Africa was reported by Lloyd and Cook (2005). ... (IPCC) default factors in the South African National Communications (Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism, 2009), but were accepted by the IPCC after review of the methodology employed. ... emissions. Keywords coal mining, spontaneous combustion ...

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4. Coal Mining - CiteSeerX

Surface mining is used to mine coal located at shallow depths. Because the coalbed at sur- ... 1991 Total underground coal mining emissions are estimated by using emission factors developed in 1990 and multiply- ... derground emissions by multiplying emission factors, based on 1990 data, by coal production in the relevant year. Degasification ...

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Environmental impact of the coal industry - Wikipedia

The environmental impact of the coal industry includes issues such as land use, ... Surface mining of coal causes direct and indirect damage to wildlife. The impact on wildlife stems primarily from disturbing, removing and redistributing the land surface. ... Their baseline mitigation scenario was a phaseout of global coal emissions by 2050.

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AP 42 11.9 Western Surface Coal Mining - US EPA

11.9 Western Surface Coal Mining 11.9.1 General 1 ... above, if emission estimates for a specific western surface coal mine are needed. However, the generally ... Note: Section 234 of the Clean Air Act of 1990 required EPA to review and revise the emission factors in this Section (and models used to …

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Productivity Changes in U.S. Coal Mining

Labor productivi ty in U.S. coal mining increased at an average annual rate of slightly over four percent during the past 45 years. This report examines key factors contributing to that record - particularly, technological innovation in both surface and underground mining and concurrent geographic shifts in U.S. coal production.

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EIIP particulate emissions: Fugitive Dust from Mining and ...

10 emission values are based on a limited amount of source data. • Assumption is that the ratio of overburden material handled is equal to 10 times the product mined. • The emission factors used to calculate the PM 10 emissions from western surface coal mining (see AP-42, Section 11.9) are used for all mining activities. • PM

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4. Mining coal | Ministry for the Environment

Climate Change (Stationary Energy and Industrial Processes) Regulations 2009: 9–11 4.1 Overview The formula for calculating emissions associated with mining coal accounts for greenhouse gas emissions that will occur as a result of the coal being combusted and for fugitive coal seam methane (FCSM) which is released to atmosphere during mining activities.

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Standardized emissions inventory methodology for open-pit ...

Axetell K, Cowherd C (1981) Improved emission factors for fugitive dust from western surface coal mining sources. 2 Volumes, EPA Contract No. 68-0302924. USEPA Google Scholar BP (2009) BP statistical review of world energy.

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NPI Emission Estimation Technique Manual for Mining

Figure 1: Open-cut/underground coal mining facility process diagram . Figure 1. is a generalised facility process diagram for open-cut coal mining. In general open-cut mining occurs in layers as material is excavated over a period of time. The main activities carried out at open-cut coal mines that could lead to emissions to air,

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Comparative analysis of dust emission of digging and ...

Collection of data on dust emission was conducted at an operating surface coal mine in the eastern United States. Results of this study revealed that dust emission obtained by the AP-42 dust emission estimation method exceeded the field-based emission determined by both Type 2 and Type 3 dust emission estimation methods.

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Development of Emission Factors for Quantification of ...

of the surface coal mine but he has not reported dust . emission for blasting. 2.4.1. Remarks from the Overview ... "Review of Sur-face Coal Mining Emission Factors," Emission Factor . and Inventory Group, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, July 1991.

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Improved emission factors for fugitive dust from Western ...

The purpose of the study was to develop emission factors for significant surface-coal-mining operations that would be applicable at all Western mines and would be based on widely acceptable, state-of-the-art sampling and data analysis procedures. The approach was to develop emission factors …

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OSTI.GOV Technical Report: Improved emission factors for ...

The primary purpose of this study was to develop emission factors for significant surface coal mining operations that are applicable at Western surface coal mines and are based on state-of-the-art sampling and data analysis procedures. Primary objectives were (1) to develop emission factors for ...

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Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal

Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors by Coal Rank and State of Origin. The (arithmetic) average emission factors obtained from the individual samples (assuming complete combustion) (Table FE4) (10) confirm the long-recognized finding that anthracite emits the largest amount of carbon dioxide per million Btu, followed by lignite, subbituminous coal, and bituminous coal.

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CHAPTER 11 Mining Technology - Princeton University

face mining techniques. Surface mining operations are usually well-suited to the many areas of the West that have not yet ex-perienced the extensive development of towns, cities, highways, and railroads char-acteristic of the Midwest and the East. Surface Mining Techniques Surface mining of coal …

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EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

1.B.1.a Fugitive emissions from solid fuels: Coal mining and handling EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016 3 1 Overview This chapter covers emissions from the mining and handling of coal.

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(PDF) Equipment CO2 emission in surface coal mining

The project was completed at a surface coal mine that is operated by one of the largest North American coal companies. ... for the peer review of technical ... used in-field testing method to ...

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Citizen's Guide to Coal Mining and Reclamation in Illinois

Citizen's Guide to Coal Mining and Reclamation in Illinois ... Surface Mine Permit Review Process . 5 Pre-Mining Inventory ..... 6 Prime Farmland High Capability Land Land Use ... regulat ions for the surface mining of coal. Post-mining land uses so closely approximate

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SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF

1 The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (91 Stat. 445) consists of the Act ... the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and ... Judicial review. Sec. 527. Special bituminous coal mines. Sec. 528. Surface mining operations not subject to this Act.

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Improved emission factors for fugitive dust from western ...

Get this from a library! Improved emission factors for fugitive dust from western surface coal mining sources. [Kenneth Axetell; Chatten Cowherd; Industrial …

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Comparative analysis of dust emission of digging and ...

Collection of data on dust emission was conducted at an operating surface coal mine in the eastern United States. Results of this study revealed that dust emission obtained by the AP-42 dust emission estimation method exceeded the field-based emission determined by both Type 2 and Type 3 dust emission estimation methods.

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Strategies to Reduce GHG Emissions from Coal Mines: A ...

Strategies to Reduce GHG Emissions from Coal Mines: A Review of Australian Perspective Rao Balusu, Roy Moreby and Srinivasa Yarlagadda CSIRO M2M Expo, 3-5. th . March 2010, New Delhi

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coal mill emission factors - elektriciteitswerken-lille.be

Review Of Surface Coal Mining Emission Factors----- EPA-454/R-95-007 REVIEW OF SURFACE COAL MINING EMISSION FACTORS US Environmental Protection Agency Region 5, Library (PL-12J) 77 West Jackson . grinder emission factor - Newest Crusher, Grinding Mill, e Based on weight of material entering grinder; emission factors are the same for both low ...

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EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Methane Emissions

In 2009, emissions from ventilation and degasification systems at underground mines increased by 9.2 percent, leading to a 4.8-percent increase in total net emissions from coal mining over the 2008 level, despite declines in emissions from both surface mining and post-mining activities.

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information on open cast coal mining

A review on existing opencast coal mining methods ... - ResearchGate. Key wordsCoal mining-surface mine-opencast mining machines .... factors, including geographic and geologic information, deposit size and shape, coal seam... Chat Online

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Improved Emission Factors For Fugitive Dust From Western ...

The primary purpose of this study was to develop emission factors for signifi- cant surface coal mining operations that would be applicable at Western surface coal mines and would be based on widely acceptable, state-of-the-art sampling and data analysis procedures.

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Surface Strip Coal Mining Handbook

practice reviews. The objective of the book is to enable the reader to understand the method of surface strip coal mining and all the inter-related sub-system activities in each of the five ... 5.3.1 Powder Factor (PDF) 24 5.3.2 Size of Blasthole 27 5.3.3 Parameter Empirical Relationships 28

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Health Effects of Coal Dust in a Non-Occupational Context ...

Health Effects of Coal Dust in a Non-Occupational Context : Literature Review Introduction The transport, unloading, stockpiling and handling of coal in large quantities is conducted at Te ... Factors associated with the extent of coal dust release wherever coal is mined, transported. ... miners exposed to a constant dust burden of 2mg/m3 in a ...

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AP-42 11.9 Western Surface Coal Mining - US EPA

measured emission factor data base for western surface coal mines. The objective of this work assignment was to incorporate the results of those studies in the AP-42 Section 11.9 on western surface coal mining. The remainder of this report is structured as follows: Section 2 describes the revisions

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Documents @ Review Of Surface Coal Mining Emission Factors ...

This is graphical viewer for the document "Review of Surface Coal Mining Emission Factors - EPA 1991". For a text-only version of this document click here.

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IMPROVED EMISSION FACTORS FOR FUGITIVE DUST FROM …

PB8 4-17 08 02 Improved Emission Factors Cor Fugitive Dust from Western Surface Coal Mining Sources TEDCo-Environmental, Inc., Kansas City, MO Prepared for …